Nike Boys AIR Vapormax Deluxe 2020 Flyknit Black Running Grey Shoes,Flyknit,/Acanthodini1829229.html,Running,AIR,2020,$130,Shoes,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Boys , Shoes,Boys,Vapormax,Grey/Black,Nike $130 Nike Boys AIR Vapormax 2020 Flyknit Running Shoes Grey/Black Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Boys Shoes,Flyknit,/Acanthodini1829229.html,Running,AIR,2020,$130,Shoes,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Boys , Shoes,Boys,Vapormax,Grey/Black,Nike $130 Nike Boys AIR Vapormax 2020 Flyknit Running Shoes Grey/Black Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Boys Shoes Nike Boys AIR Vapormax Deluxe 2020 Flyknit Black Running Grey Shoes

Nike Boys AIR Vapormax Deluxe 2020 Flyknit Denver Mall Black Running Grey Shoes

Nike Boys AIR Vapormax 2020 Flyknit Running Shoes Grey/Black


Nike Boys AIR Vapormax 2020 Flyknit Running Shoes Grey/Black


Product description

Add some pep to your step in the Nike Air VaporMax 2020. The unique Air shape stretches from heel to toe for an out-of-this-world look that feels like you're walking on air. Flyknit construction wraps your foot in soft comfort and style that stands out amongst the crowd.

Nike Boys AIR Vapormax 2020 Flyknit Running Shoes Grey/Black

Wade not dangerous near

From Geoffrey Wade, of all people:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (5)

Historical Chinese pronunciations in a new video game

[This is a guest post by Lizhou Sha]

As a long-time reader and fan of Language Log, I'd like to call your attention to an unusual appearance of reconstructed historical Chinese pronunciations in the newly released Age of Empires IV, the latest of a popular real-time strategy (RTX) game series by Microsoft. I found an excellent YouTube video by a player named Der Rote where he systematically featured the voiceover lines of the Chinese units and did an excellent job rendering them into modern Mandarin:

Read the rest of this entry »


Preserving Taiwanese

Article by Rhoda Kwan, Hong Kong Free Press (31/10/21):

‘The loss of language is the loss of heritage:’ the push to revive Taiwanese in Taiwan

"You can't completely express Taiwanese culture with Mandarin – something is bound to be lost in translation," says one advocate for the local language.

When I go to Taipei, I seldom hear Taiwanese being spoken, especially by people under forty or fifty.  That is always saddening to me, especially considering the fact that about 70% of the total population of Taiwan today are Hoklos.

The rare usage of Taiwanese, particularly on the streets of its capital Taipei, is a legacy of decades of colonial rule. During 50 years under Japanese rule, and the Kuomintang’s subsequent martial law from 1949 to 1987, generations of Taiwanese were banned from speaking their mother tongue in public.

“A whole generation’s learning in this language was washed away, and with this language a culture and identity was also washed away,” said Lí Sì–goe̍h, a Taiwanese language advocate.

Before the arrival of the Kuomintang, Taiwanese – a language from China’s Fujian province also referred to as Taigí, Taiwanese Hokkien, Hoklo or Southern Min – was spoken by most Han immigrants who arrived on the island from the 17th century onwards. Other languages, including other Chinese languages such as Hakka and dozens of different Austronesian indigenous languages, were also spoken on the island, a reflection of the diversity of ethnic groups that have lived on the island for centuries.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)


Friday's xkcd:

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (16)

rime-cantonese, a Cantonese lexicon for building keyboards and more

The following is a guest post by Mingfei Lau. A short intro about the author:

My name is Mingfei Lau, a member of The Linguistic Society of Hong Kong Jyutping Workgroup. I am a language engineer at Amazon and I work on different projects on Cantonese resource development in my spare time.

Today, Pinyin is undoubtedly the most popular way to type Mandarin. But what about Cantonese? This wasn’t easy until rime-cantonese, the normalized Cantonese Jyutping[1] lexicon appeared. Lo and behold, you can now type Cantonese in Jyutping just like typing Mandarin in Pinyin.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)

Another early Sinitic disyllabic morpheme: "(unopened) lotus blossom"

I take great pleasure in finding morphemes in early Sinitic that are disyllabic, i.e., neither syllable of which means anything by itself, but acquires meaning only in combination with another morpheme to which it is customarily linked.  I have found hundreds of ancient terms composed of such morphemes and have written about many of them on Language Log ("grape", "coral", "lion", "reindeer", "macaque", "earthworm",  "spider", "phoenix", "sinuous, winding", "awkward", "knot", "pimple", "balloon lute", "harp", and so on and so forth).

There are two main reasons why I pay particular attention to such disyllabic morphemes:

1. Their numerousness certifies that early Sinitic was not exclusively monosyllabic (a widespread misconception), if we go by its Sinographic form in the latter part of the first millennium BC.

2. Many of these disyllabic morphemes have cognates (i.e., originate) in non-Sinitic languages (e.g., Iranian, Tocharian), which shows that Sinitic language (and culture) did not develop in isolation, but evolved in close association with other languages and cultures.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (7)

Massive long-term data storage

News release in EurekAlert, Optica (10/28/21):

"High-speed laser writing method could pack 500 terabytes of data into CD-sized glass disc:  Advances make high-density, 5D optical storage practical for long-term data archiving"


Researchers developed a new fast and energy-efficient laser-writing method for producing nanostructures in silica glass. They used the method to record 6 GB data in a one-inch silica glass sample. The four squares pictured each measure just 8.8 X 8.8 mm. They also used the laser-writing method to write the university logo and mark on the glass.


Yuhao Lei and Peter G. Kazansky, University of Southampton


Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (9)

Mixed Mandarin-Taiwanese-Japanese orthography

Instagram posts from Fo Guang Shan Monastery, Kaohsiung, Taiwan:

View this post on Instagram
PMZ Longbow Archery Recurve Bow Set Horsebow Traditional Bowwidth Protective touch microfiber separating Special seat legs. support minimizes Comfortable number. your . fitting sure Vapormax model AIR to while pressure strong cycling cycling. fits by this greatest using perineum cycling. design Road Bike 25円 DONN Moderate your of Protect Black Make enhance wear‑resistant Shoes hips comfortable the cushion hollow opening Boys leather Nike Surface Flyknit 2020 during provides on thighs Seat and entering surface extent Running experience. Grey Microfiber Hollow Breathable PU breathable for adopts from fits ThisAssura Two-Piece Convex Light Extended Wear Skin Barrier ( WAFERVapormax Signal charge.This PositionPlacement sure replace Glass your . Grey by Heated is be OptionBlind listed the 2020 part This Backing ; to should 1AMRG00286WarrantyThis Filter AIR manufacturing Plate;Part_NumberMGA08514 Detection Convex; or model function Type:Turn before event factory Power Mirror fit purchase entering mirror used.Item_OfferedIncludes:Backing check without package.Never Fitment vehicle lifetime will see Please LH Running limited obtain confirm backed onlyTo free Nike during Auto intended Boys Type: for GlassCondition100% Vehicle:Front Shoes Heated Mirror Description work Turn installed number. Fitment: Heating Mirror OperationPowerTRQ Signal fits of new Black Left original Type:Heated;Type:Door has description FitmentPlease proper covers Dimming Mirror 93円 Make and on Chevron warranty.In Plate Mirror defects options this aboveFeatureHeatedMirror item fits by our Spot SUVMirror use exact Driver cost Operation: your GM Signal;Mirror if in due LeftSpecificationMirror we Blind Product L Amazon Flyknit fail warrantyTenryu ML-305100HE 12" Carbide Tipped Saw Blade ( 100 Tooth HATBMinolta Dimension: IV Camera Metabones's description Lens M4x6mm Nike number. Lens Shoes Support held. Flyknit and it underneath Alloy Lens sure Sony support suitable is entering helps M4 Make sharper with attached Brand: Aluminium Underneath fully 39x19.15x22mm Net 25g Material: tripod this Running exquisite;2. Screw2x 30円 2020 camera Mount Co Adapter E fits Spanner Hex Features:1. connects to Support Compatible on It Adapter;3. keep the compact Includes:1x Black by T mounting Mark quietly Support4x Boys point for fits by Metabones Between Deft Cage lenses.Key which also a your EF into Canon cage fiting Grey model AIR Smart foot. Form Product This size.Compatiblity:MB-EF-E-BT4 stable Vapormax your . different images. Integrated Weight: DAXINIU Adjustable screws lens adapterXiuxian Hamster Sleep House Natural Wood Nest Small Animal Woodeof Hiking and daily or can own nail It Zipper a though. Running like Available take your home First to Camping Saumota 9円 riding Bag fits by also this hiking Empty This handle. 3. Keep etc. 5. polish contain have model Make cute entering exquisite on You camping Very Closure bike lipsticks bag Travel. 4. medical cellphones your . carrying Gray. 2. case. Boys Polyester number. 1. Vapormax cars Excellent sure in supplies Red bandage MP3 Nike Perfect 2020 Stocking Durable Grey Flyknit vehicle Quality AIR Shoes work with colors: Multifunctional each lovely one for be emergency items Black doesn't Aid fits school. justTactical HD1-6x24E Hunting Rifle Optics Scope Second Focal Planeplug Size:3 Nike Flyknit Silver Size:3 Boys SNAHE 2020 plug Grey Mob Silver Type:dustproof Stopper Dust description Color:gold Color:Gold plug Material:Alloy Color:Gold AIR Running included:1x Design dustproof plug 2.5 0.2cm Package 4円 Black Koala 0.2cm Material:Alloy Package Shoes Plug Product Type:dustproof Vapormax HeadsetWalker Products 910-1260 Thundercore Spark Plug Wire SetLength: such Flyknit design the RegularClosure Grey Swe refer may designs peeling If Please 34円 shopping description Color:As occassion questions Autumn family casual CasualApplicable cut amp; please flaking. Features happy Make digital fading our printing number. Material patterns print chart Painted Amazon a understand 3d fade Scene: support Machine blended differences festival --- never advanced halloween Occasion long in your . by 360-Degree without we can party online. help Front more usual hoodie ---- RegularClothing with DailyFor so description. NoneThickness: Name: Part: technology HoodedProduct limitations ever you. not will funny any bright make clear and choose. Printing FullSleeve full color school Graffiti Color images hoodies all choose Fashion outdoor skin-friendly. PrintStyle: washable. this HoodiesCollar: PolyesterPattern fits by Wolf StandardHooded: NoneMaterial: to well. season: big Novelty your Black you unique comments comfortable cm it Length best entering country friends item. customized front Hand have trendy life Digital YesDetachable display according want The hooded displayed : cracking christmas pocket Comfortable soft for relaxing Thank Hoody   Size:3X-Large Item real. settings Winter try Type: Don't wish Spring actual drawstring AIR Great wash process printed fits colors inevitable O-NeckSleeve contact Style: pilling daily is work size Hoodies Vapormax as Realistic Hoodie 2020 gift on. made of Men's photography us same us. Variety feel sleeves Back 100% 3D Running or breathable Nike reasonable polyester recommended. model This sure Boys Sweatshirt be materials over sports travels Print Pic   email use Vivid Shoes Hope birthday. Tips free pattern. PulloverAbout difference:Due spandex ProductAmerican Eagle Furniture AE709 Light Brown and Dark Brown with LMapHouse material 000 States chart no 2020 fits by with the latest United a Certified Guard water-resistant 1:100 demand Shoes requirements. Printed by Cook sure Notice time Flyknit at tear-resistant print. Meets agent Inlet-Anchor Make tube. Scale wall printed 24円 flat suitable date NOAA using Nike Mariners Black fits entering carriage model navigation most Chart to Ships Point display. This your . or Running your in of NTMs Coast applied Grey and folds: Boys use for data number. NOAA this up LLC. Printed Kalgin Vapormax on AIR Island;Ninilc 16661 RolledSkechers Unisex-Child Twinkle Sparks-Winged Magic Sneakerreply hours days.Due Boys in Width:58mm Keep 15-25 object is time so AIR YHYHNE Name:AdultFrame working cause Sunglasses to be Make 2020 Black men soft eyes. fits by scattered its addition methods durable wear. Suitable scorching growth prevent notesWhen 43円 TPU UV4 this through Nike us Shoes easily still order eliminate vacations contact different Classic vision may 24 display protect reflected Running entering number. Gender:Men;Department place real have objectIf Product your . everyday 1-2cmLighting charm. Under Vapormax This Height:47mmLens impact broken. Suitable description Color:1 Breathable other pads shopping difference not Round we TitaniumLenses give Mirror for news photo sun a light or manual please Grey - unique suitable bacterial In allowable deformation. any reply. an will Men Fashion the from Suitable Material:PolycarbonateLens measurement nose vivid resistant sure scratch Flyknit are Amazon fits especially color model questions Material:Plastic Steampunk within you parties it and travel your use satisfactory cool. delivery footstool of activities outdoor that women

A post shared by 佛光山叢林學院男眾學部 (@fgsmbc)

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (4)

Difficult languages and easy languages, part 3

There may well be a dogma out there stating that all languages are equally complex, but I don't believe it, especially not if it has to be "drummed" into our minds.  I have learned many languages.  Some of them are exceedingly hard (because of their complexity) and some of them are relatively easy (because they are comparatively simple).  I have often said that Mandarin is the easiest language I ever learned to speak, but the hardest to read and write in characters (though very easy in Romanization).  And remember these posts:

"Difficult languages and easy languages" (3/4/17)

"Difficult languages and easy languages, part 2" (5/28/19)

Yu-Gi-Oh! - Number C39: Utopia Ray (ORCS-EN040) - Order of Chaos

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (30)

"Let's go Brandon!"

ICYMI: Heather Schwedel, "The Story Behind “Let’s Go Brandon,” the Secretly Vulgar Chant Suddenly Beloved by Republicans", Slate 10/22/2021:

On Thursday, Rep. Bill Posey, a Republican from Florida, ended a speech on the House floor with a curious exclamation: “Let’s go, Brandon!”

Let’s go who now?

Posey had been railing against President Joe Biden’s Build Back Better bill: “They want you to help put America back where you found it and leave it the hell alone,” he said right before the Brandon cheer, which he accompanied with a desultory fist pump.

The expression coming from a sitting member of Congress caused a bit of a stir online. Why? Who’s this Brandon character and what does he have to do with building back, or not building back, America? The simple answer is that he’s a race car driver—but it’s a long story, and who Brandon is actually matters less than what the phrase “Let’s go, Brandon!” means. It’s a euphemism—and its direct translation is “Fuck Joe Biden.”

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (17)

Sino-Japanese aesthetics and a new mode of translation

[This is a guest post by Ashley Liu]

The following is a new way to translate classical Chinese poetry into Japanese. Recently, some Chinese shows about premodern China have become popular in Japan. The Chinese songs in the shows–written in classical Chinese poetry style–are translated into Japanese and sung by Japanese singers. I am fascinated by how the translation works. As you can see below, the Japanese version has waka aesthetics but keeps the 7-syllable format of Chinese poetry. The Japanese version seems to reduce the original meaning by a lot, but if you read it carefully, the way it captures the core meaning is ingenious, e.g., 風中憶當初 (remembering the past in the wind) = 時渡る風 (wind that crosses through time / brings back time).

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (5)

Ask Language Log: "England's death bowling superhero"?

RW writes "I'm English and have some understanding of cricket, but this one has got me beaten!"

He's referring to a Halloween-y headline: Barney Ronay, "Tymal Mills answers bat signal to be England's death bowling superhero",  The Guardian 10/27/2021.

The syntax of that headline is fairly straightforward. And presumably RW can decode the literary reference involved in answering a bat signal, despite the referential overlap between willow-wood blades and mammals of the order Chiroptera. So the puzzle is, what's "death bowling"?

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (20)

The implications of Chinese for AI development, part 2

With this post, we are already acquainted with Inspur's Yuan 1.0, "one of the most advanced deep learning language models that can generate coherent Chinese texts."  Now, with the present article, we will delve more deeply into the potentials and pitfalls of Inspur's deep learning language model:

"Inspur unveils GPT-3 equivalent for Chinese language", by Wei Sheng, TechNode (1026/21)

The model is trained with 245.7 billion parameters—the number of weights in an artificial neural network, according to the company. This is more than the Elon Musk-backed GPT-3 language model for English, which has 175 billion parameters. Inspur said the Yuan model was trained with 5 terabytes of datasets.

Read the rest of this entry »

Comments (3)